Occupational Therapy and Older People
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Thus, more scientific research was needed to establish the real benefits of using aromatherapy in this population.
How occupational therapists help older people live independently
Therefore, interventions for the sleep routine were not found in this review. Due to the repercussions of sleep disorders on the life of the elderly person, as well as his families, there was a need for new studies investigating the possibilities of non-drug treatment for the target population of this research.
Current scientific evidence has shown that technologies can substantially improve spatial guidance and also preserve the autonomy and safety of older adults with AD during their mobility, as well as contribute to less concern and stress of caregivers. Regarding the motor skills, repetitive training and the educational program for the wake of motor alterations seemed to contribute to motor learning, cognitive decline or fall prevention.
Nonetheless, emotional regulation interventions except the multidimensional technique were cautiously recommended for the failures that occurred in the conduction of these studies. Therefore, studies of greater scientific evidence and verification of the effect of these techniques in the post-intervention were recommended, since they greatly favored the consolidation of occupational therapy specific knowledge, contributing to the dissemination of this field of action, and also to the elaboration of oriented public policies for active aging.
Chicago, Acesso em: 8 dez. Occupational Therapy practice framework: domain and process. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, Bethesda, v. Supplement 1. Porto Alegre: Artmed, Assessing executive function in relation to fitness to drive: a review of tools and their ability to predict safe driving.
Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, Melbourne, v. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, Los Angeles, v. Acesso em: 3 jan. A cluster randomised controlled trial of advice, exercise or multifactorial assessment to prevent falls and fractures in community-dwelling older adults: protocol for the prevention of falls injury trial PreFIT.
BMJ Open, London, v. COX, E. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, London, v. Acesso em: 17 abr. Neurology, New York, v. The efficacy of nonpharmacological treatment for dementia-related apathy. Occupational Therapy and Dementia care.
Effects of community occupational therapy on quality of life, mood, and health status in dementia patients and their caregivers: A randomized controlled trial. Gerontological Society of America, Washington, v. Application of a tactile way-finding device to facilitate navigation in persons with dementia. Assistive Technology Journal, New York, v. Neuropsicologia em Terapia Ocupacional.
HAN, P. A controlled naturalistic study on a weekly music therapy and activity program on disruptive and depressive behaviors in dementia. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, Basel, v. Effectiveness of physical training on motor performance and fall prevention in cognitively impaired older persons: a systematic review. Fall prevention in residential care: a cluster, randomized, controlled trial.
KIM, S. A systematic review of the effects of occupational therapy for persons with dementia: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. NeuroRehabilitation, Amsterdam, v. Community mobility. Atlanta: Elsevier, LIN, P. Efficacy of aromatherapy lavandula angustifolia as na intervention for agitated behaviours in chineces older persons with dementia: a cross-over randomized trial.
International Journal of Geriatrics Psychiatric, London, v. Driving and dementia: a review of the literature. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, Toronto, v. Tratado de Geriatria e Gerontologia. Rio de Janeiro: Guanabara Koogan, Cognitive stimulation in patients with dementia: randomized controlled trial. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, London, n. Strategies to prevent falls and fracture in hospitals and effect of cognitive impairment: systematic review and meta-analyses.
British Medical Journal, London, v. Neuropsicologia do envelhecimento: uma abordagem multidimensional.
USC Chan Division of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy
Meeting the needs of caregivers of persons with dementia: an important role for occupational therapy. OT Practice, Bethesda, v. Implementing interprofessional evidence-based approaches for older adults and their families. RICE, M. Caxias do Sul: UCS, The effects of snoezelen multi-sensory behavior therapy and psychiatric care on agitation, apathy, and activities of daily living in dementia patients on a short term geriatric psychiatric inpatient unit.
International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, Charleston, v. Preclinical Alzheimer disease and risk of falls. YI, J. Gerontology, Oklahoma, v. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. Services on Demand Journal. Method: A systematic review was conducted, in a year period , in English, Portuguese, and Spanish. Results: No national study was found. Conclusion: The publications are related to the intervention practices for the improvement of the older people functional capacity and emotional regulation.
Discover the benefits of occupational therapy
Baglio et al. Randomized clinical trial with cross-over. Participants: 70 older adults, 44 of them with AD. Intervention group: lavender.
Control Group: sunflower oil. Frequency: three weeks. Intervention group: Inhalation of lavender. Group control: Inhalation of sunflower. Low sampling. The treatment was not done blindly.
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There was the influence of other factors medication, caring relationship of the older adult. Randomized clinical trial. Participants: 24 older adults.
Pilot study. The evidence is inconclusive. Frequency: 33 attempts to hit the target in the acquisition phase, five in the retention phase and five in the transfer phase. Target on computer. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals. Issue Section:. Download all figures. Comments 0. Add comment Close comment form modal. I agree to the terms and conditions.
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Occupational therapy practitioners address all aspects of aging, from wellness strategies to treatment. With a focus on function, occupational therapy practitioners help keep older adults independent and safe, reducing health care costs associated with hospitalization and institutional care. Both must pass an initial certification exam.